Top 10 Programming Languages in 2023 with the Largest Developer Communities

1. JavaScript
Active developers: 12.4 million
Most popular: Web, Cloud
Least popular: Data Science, Machine Learning, AR/VR
Programmers all around the globe use Javascript to make dynamic and interactive online apps and browsers. With 97% of all websites using, it as a client-side programming language, JavaScript is the most widely used programming language in the world.
2. Python
Active developers: 9 million
Most popular: Data Science, Machine Learning, IoT
Least popular: Mobile, Web
Python is frequently used for creating websites and applications, automating repetitive tasks, and analyzing and displaying data. Python has been used by many non-programmers, including accountants and scientists, for a range of routine activities including managing finances since it is very simple to learn.
3. Java
Active developers: 8.2 million
Most popular: Mobile, Cloud
Least popular: Data Science, Machine Learning, Web
Java is yet another fantastic programming language to master for big data, web development, and application development. The Oracle Corporation owns this general-purpose programming language, which has an object-oriented architecture.
4. C/C++
Active developers: 6.3 million
Most popular: IoT, AR/VR
Least popular: Web, Cloud, Mobile
With features like data abstraction, polymorphism, inheritance, etc., you can be sure that C++ offers all you need for a successful programming career and decent pay. This language is frequently used to create desktop applications, GUI applications, 3D games, and real-time mathematical answers.
5. PHP
Active developers: 6.1 million
Most popular: Web, Cloud
Least popular: Data Science, Machine Learning, Mobile
It has become more common to construct healthcare applications with PHP. Mobile applications, the majority of which are based on iOS and Android, are created using PHP and its coding skills.
6. C#
Active developers: 6.0 million
Most popular: Games, AR/VR, Desktop
Least popular: Data Science, Machine Learning, Mobile
One of the primary factors contributing to C# popularity is the language’s inherent capacity to accommodate object-oriented programming principles. C# is among the top 10 greatest programming languages for prospects and profits since it is seen to be perfect for Windows, Android, and iOS apps.
7. Visual Dev Tools
Active developers: 2.8 million
Most popular: Desktop, AR/VR, Games
Least popular: Cloud, Web
A type of programming language called visual programming enables users to depict processes. In contrast to a conventional text-based computer language that compels the developer to think like a machine, a visual programming language enables developers to explain the process in terms that are intelligible to people.
8. Swift
Active developers: 2.4 million
Most popular: Mobile, AR/VR
Least popular: Cloud, Web
Swift is a relatively new programming language, but because of its speed, performance, and security, it is in the top 10 best programming languages for profits and prospects. Swift is also a simple language to learn.
9. Kotlin
Active developers: 2.3 million
Most popular: Mobile, AR/VR
Least popular: Data Science, Machine Learning, Desktop
The open-source programming language Kotlin is really popular right now. Because of features like support for lambda functions, smart casts, null safety, and operator overloading, businesses like Netflix, Pinterest, and Amazon Web Services adopt this language.
10. Go
Active developers: 1.5 million
Most popular: Cloud, AR/VR
Least popular: Data Science, Machine Learning, Web
Many people are aware of Go, a programming language created by Google. Go has quickly attracted interest from all across the world because of its capacity to manage multicore, networked systems, and large codebases. Golang is among the finest programming languages for salaries and prospects, which is no surprise.